Pimicikamak is an indigenous Cree-speaking people whose traditional territory lies in the boreal forest of what is now known as the Canadian Shield north of Lake Winnipeg. Pimicikamak (pim ih chik uh mak) where a lake lies across the river, the land surrounding that place, the people that has inhabited that land since time immemorial, the nation comprised of that people inhabiting that land.

Pimicikamak is a self-determined indigenous nation predating European settlement of Canada. Pimicikamak became part of Canada by its representative, Te-pas-te-nam, signing Treaty 5 at a historic ceremony in 1875.